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阿甘正传—每周一影(2)

影视阅读 木华澄 626℃ 0评论

阿甘正传也是自己看过的一步非常震撼的电影,非常值得一看,精彩不容错过

中英文影评

<Forrest Gump> Film review

Forrest Gump who is unfortunately to be born with a lower IQ and the muscle problem, usually, people always can’t think this kind of person can be successful in doing anything. But, instead, this unlucky man has achieved lots of incredible success: he is a football star, a war hero, and later a millionaire!

In the contention of the best picture of the 67th Oscar Award in 1995, film <Forrest Gump> Have got six Grand Prixes , such as the best picture , the best actor , the best achievement in directing , adapting drama , the best achievement in film editing and the best visual effect bestly ,etc. at one blow . The film was passed to a intellectual disturbance person the description of life has reflected every aspect of U.S.A.’s life, important incident of social political life make and represent to these decades such as U.S.A. from one unique angle. Film adapt Winston · novel of the same name of Groom since. Only the original work is that one is full of fantastic novels with a satiric flavour, but the film modifies and beautifies the story. Have abandoned the absurdity of the original work and revealed that satirizes meaning , have added a kind of tender feeling for the film. This undoubtedly makes the film suit audience and judging panel’s taste even more, but has sacrificed the struggle spirit of the rebel of the original work , make the film become one kind and idealize ethical symbol .

Forrest Gump mould incarnation of virtue is honest keeping one’s word , conscientiously , brave paying attention to emotioning among film. In the film, Forrest Gump is a very pure image, but Jenny has become the degenerate symbol . And write the great discrepancy originally in this. To all that narrated, since beginning all behave with a kind of tender feeling and well-meaning attitude after all for the film, having even joined poesy composition, this makes the film seem soft and have no injury. The film advocates to traditional moral concept and embodiment. Make film apt to accept by people, director superb lay out skill and film application of language make the film very attractive too. Success with commercial for film content of the film has given security, and the treatment on director’s art makes the film more excellent, this is reason that the film succeeds. It was the box-office hits the most in that year to become U.S.A. in < Forrest Gump>.

Tom ·Hanks very much sincere naturally performance having among film. He has obtained the laurel of the best actor of Oscar for the behavior in this film. This second movie emperor’s money already whom he obtained in succession looks like. Success of < Forrest Gump>, make Tom Hanks become one of the most popular movie stars in Hollywood too. To Tom Hanks, those two years are the luckiest period of time in his performing art careers

中文翻译:

阿甘是一个出生很不幸的人,通常人们总是认为这种人不能成功, 在做任何事情过程中。但是,相反,这个不幸的人已经取得许多难以置信的成功,他是一个橄榄球明星,一名战争英雄和一个百万富翁!

1995年的第六十七届奥斯卡金像奖最佳影片的角逐中,影片《阿甘正传》一举获得了最佳影片、最佳男主角、最佳导演、最佳改编剧本、最佳剪辑和最佳视觉效果等六项大奖。影片通过对一个存在智力障碍者生活的描述反映了美国生活的方方面面,从一个独特的角度对美国几十年来社会政治生活中的重要事件作了展现。影片改编自温斯顿·格鲁姆的同名小说。只不过原著是一本充满了讽刺意味的荒诞小说,而影片则对故事进行了修饰和美化。摒弃了原著的荒诞和揭露讽刺意味,为影片增添了一种温情。这无疑使影片更合观众和评委的口味,但却牺牲了原著的叛逆斗争精神,使影片成为了一种理想化道德的象征。

阿甘在影片中被塑造成了美德的化身,诚实、守信、认真、勇敢而重视感情。在影片中,阿甘是十分纯洁的形象,而珍妮则成了堕落的象征。这与原著有着极大的出入。对于所叙述的一切,影片自始自终都是以一种温情和善意的态度来表现的,甚至还加入了诗意化的成分,这使得影片显得柔和而无伤害性。影片对传统道德观念的宣扬和体现。使影片变得易为人们所接受,导演高超的编排技巧和电影语言的运用也使影片十分吸引人。影片的内容为影片商业上的成功提供了保证,而导演艺术上的处理也使得影片更加精彩,这就是影片成功的原因所在。《阿甘正传》成了美国当年最为卖座的电影之一。

汤姆·汉克斯在影片中的表演十分朴实自然。他以在此片中的表现获得了奥斯卡最佳男主角的桂冠。这已是他连续获得的第二个影帝金像。《阿甘正传》的成功,也使汤姆·汉克斯成了好莱坞最受欢迎的影星之一。对汤姆·汉克斯来说,那两年是他演艺生涯中最为幸运的一段日子。

经典影评(1)

Do the Best with What God Gave You

I don’t know why our lives differ from one another greatly. Somebody is born into a family with considerable wealth and dignity while somebody even bears no food to eat. Somebody wins lotteries time and again, as opposed to someone who still can find no way to claim back their salaries. There’s always something we can hardly change, for instance, our family background, luck; yet still, something is changeable if you do the best with what God gave you, just as what Forrest Gump did.

There’s no denying that Forrest Gump, a well-known local idiot in Alabama, is not smarter than most of us. However, with an IQ of 75 points only, Forrest was a successful football and ping-pong player who won the privilege of being received by American presidents twice; with a naïve but sincere heart, he was honored as the Vietnam War hero and established a shrimp corporation named “Bubba Gump” in memory of his dear fellow, through which he became a millionaire; with a perseverant belief, he ran for 3 years 2 months 14 days and 16 hours, during which time he travelled across almost the whole America, which sparked quite a stir among American citizens.

He was simple, too simple to be afraid and ambitious. Because of his limited intelligence given by God, he did nothing for particular reason; however, he did everything to the best of his ability. I can well remember that when Forrest was commanded to tear a gun open and reinstall it, he was never distracted by Bubba who kept talking about shrimps; when he first started his shrimp-catching job and got nothing but rubbish, he didn’t resign or complain, even when Hurricane Carmen came through.

There’s no lack of people who are so favored by God that almost obtained everything from him finally spoil all their talents, simply because they possess too much at the very beginning and scarcely know there’s still something can only be achieved through unceasing pragmatic efforts.

Likewise, people who find themselves disregarded by God may well be another group leading tragic lives, among which Jenny, the woman of Forrest Gump’s dream, must be a good example. Undoubtedly, Jenny was a poor girl who was doomed to have a vicious father, and therefore was being ill-treated in her childhood, which cast a serious psychological shadow on her mind. She used to have a specific dream but seldom made any real effort to achieve it. On the contrary, she stooped to be a stripper in a dirty pub; she messed around with wrong people and even took drugs. Eventually, after years of indulgent life, Jenny ended up in AIDS.

Although being badly treated by God, Jenny was still capable of living a normal life. It is clear in the movie that Forrest Gump tried several times to get her out of trouble and bring he into a pure world filled with love and hope, yet somehow Jenny refused all the possibilities and chose to escape. It was Jenny herself who made her a tragedy.

In contrast to Jenny, Lieutenant Dan, a proud officer who lost his legs in the Vietnam War, made a totally different choice. He was not grateful when being rescued from the battlefield for his unwillingness of being referred to as a useless cripple. At one time, he idled away his life in pubs with alcohol and all sorts of women. However, when he realized that he was still being looked down upon by others, he decided to make a change rather than give himself up. After having struggled in the hurricane against his destiny, Lieutenant Dan managed to leave his physical disability behind and started his new life with full enthusiasm, just like what Forrest’s mother said “You got to put the past behind you before you can move on.”

“I didn’t know it, but I was destined to be your mama. I did the best I could. I happen to believe you make your own destiny. You have to do the best with what God gave you.” Forrest’s mother told him before she went to the last part of her life, “Life is a box of chocolate, you never know what you are going to get.” There’s always something that cannot be predicted or be changed. Very few times can you expect God make a fair distribution so that you have to make a decision for yourself whether keep on striving. Forrest Gump always said, “Stupid is as stupid does.” Real fools seldom treasure what they have already had and make the best of it, which may help you tell them from the others.

经典影评(2)

Life is like a box of chocholates

“Life is like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re gonna get.” I do like these words. Really no one knows the future, who could tell?

I thought Gump was an idiot at the beginning. He met many things in his life. Sometimes I thought he was a lucky guy, but sometimes he didn’t look like. Everytime when his life became good, there was something wrong with his life happened. Maybe this is life as that sentence, no one knows what will happen in next moment. So I think we had better catch hold of every moment in our life. Don’t regret.

经典影评(3)

对《阿甘正传》的影评——展现历史与个人的约定,以小人物的经历透视美国政治社会史的史诗片

《Forrest Gump》一开始就利用一个场景:在蓝色的天空中,一片羽毛随风飘舞,飘过阿甘所居住的城市,一会随风飘落了下来,一会又被风吹向了高空。经过在空中的起伏飘荡,最终飘落在故事主人公的脚下。这是导演运用长镜头对羽毛随风飘舞的描写,留给观众的是对羽毛产生的无尽想象,为故事情节的发展作了铺垫。随着羽毛的降落,镜头特写了阿甘的那双沾满泥很破旧的球鞋,用特写镜头代替导演抒发了感情,暗示了将把鞋作为推动情节发展的因素。

影片中有一个大的特点是多次利用巴士的到站来串连起不同的乘客,这些乘客就是阿甘的听众,随着听众的变换串连起不同的故事情节。这是关联性蒙太奇的运用,而每次巴士到站则是重复蒙太奇的体现,因为它是一个巴士的镜头反复出现,强调了导演想要传达的某一个特定信息,加强了这部影片的题旨。另外还有一个大的特点就是使用同时蒙太奇,影片有两条线索,一条主线描写阿甘从智商低能儿艰难求学到上大学并取得许多成功到参军再到参加越战表现出色最后到退伍的一生,同时另一条线索是描写了珍妮为了求得荣誉和出名忍心离开阿甘而自己去闯荡漂泊的一生。这两条线索虽然大多是发生在不同的空间,但是由于导演对镜头的不断切换,使它们在叙事上呈现出互相关联的叙事段落,交叉剪接在一起,创造出一种联想的氛围和想象的无限空间。

描写两条线索的时候使用了结构性蒙太奇中的对比蒙太奇,阿甘的一生虽然经历了许多不幸和艰难,比如:军队严厉的训练,经受越战时生死的考验,但他的一生还算顺利,似乎有上帝在帮助着他,每次当他遇到困难的时候,信念和执著让他化险为夷,帮他脱离困境,并最终助他取得成功。而反观珍妮,她的一生并没有得到老天过多的青睐,比如她想成为著名的歌手,简单的想法却承受了一波又一波的打击。导演通过他们命运的不同来对比,让观众感受一种阿甘一生的神奇色彩,同时可以从侧面体会当时美国社会的奇怪现象。影片故事的情节也贯穿了许多细节性的对比蒙太奇,比如当阿甘没有缘由不知疲倦的跑步的时候,他忽然发现天际合一分不出哪里是天,哪里是地。还有阿甘在回忆越战行军的时候,原本暴雨滂沱,突然东海龙王下了停雨圣旨,即刻阳光绚烂等等镜头。

这部影片镜头剪接的律动和节奏能强烈地刺激观众的情感。比如情节发展到越战的时候,插入了关于丹中尉的故事,他指挥士兵作战师受重伤被阿甘救起,他的腿被截肢而抱怨阿甘的救助从而对生命失去了活着的意义,他一直认为自己已经是个废人而毫无用处,他开始颓废虚度时光。这些关于丹中尉的情节看似对阿甘一生的主题不相关,但却巧妙的穿插组合在一起,还有就是在阿甘为了完成好朋友巴布的心愿,买了一条虾船,从事捕虾行业的时候,丹中尉意外的出现在码头的时候,这时观众原以为丹中尉会一直沉沦颓废下去,可是当看到丹的身影时却能感到他的生命也在开始转变。另外,影片也在某些细节不断插入写实的镜头,比如林肯总统的遇刺,尼克松总统宣布越战要升级等。这些写实镜头让电影呈现出现实中原本就内涵多义暧昧的属性,让观众有主动参与去选择意义的机会。写实的镜头让观众感觉阿甘的生活随时可能会在普通百姓身上发生,因此相信阿甘的生活是真实的。

在影片中阿甘是一个智力较低的人,可是故事的每一个情节都体现出他本质上的善良、纯朴,可以看出阿甘是一个懂得如何去爱的性情中人,这两方面表现的落差通过镜头的剪接巧妙的传达给每一位观众。同时导演赋予阿甘自我叙述的镜头,整部片子就是阿甘对自己大半生的回忆录,以他自己的叙述为旁白,不仅在他的叙述中,在他和珍妮的交往中,想念珍妮的时候,和丹中尉的交往中,用自己的善良和朴实感化丹中尉的时候,甚至在他无缘无故的跑步中都发现了自己和丹中尉身上的一些教训和道理。在插入珍妮和丹中尉的镜头时,还是在讲述他们的坎坷命运时,通过对比,让观众在感情上与角色的处境紧密结合,随着珍妮的一次次与阿甘的相遇和分离而伤心,随着丹的颓废而失落,随着珍妮的吸食毒品而为她感到悲哀。导演无非在通过阿甘和珍妮的命运的对比,通过丹中尉命运的变化告诉观众一个哲理:人的命运是掌握在自己手中的,要靠自己的奋斗来创造命运,即便我们有各种缺陷,承受着各种不幸和灾难,但是只要能坚定一种信念,就能创造出奇迹。相信观众随着阿甘、珍妮和丹中尉各自的命运的起伏能够体会出其中的哲理!

可以看出,这部影片创作的艺术内涵很深,无论是故事的发展以及其表现手法给人的震撼,还是制片时的镜头处理等都相当高明,难怪那么多人喜欢这部影片,获得那么多奥斯卡奖项也是实至名归!

很多时候我们就象阿甘一样找不到做一件事的理由,很多时候我们都远不及阿甘 ,那些不知为何而做的事情总是非常轻易地半途而废了。人的一生往往就是这样,就象片头和片尾中那片随风飘浮的白色羽毛,大多数时候, 我们也许都在随波逐流,这种飘浮没有具体的方向,平淡到令人厌倦。可是,一个腾挪一个转身,总还是可以由自己控制的,你只须尽力将它 做得完满,不要计较你究竟得到了多少,那么,你就可以越飞越高,你会发现,越往高处的地方,越接近天堂,所以我相信阿甘的成功并不是偶然。

阿甘有很多自己的理论,他坐路边的长椅上和不相识的路上讲述他的传奇,他在每一个理论前面加上三个字:妈妈说。

—-妈妈说,人生就象巧克力,你永远不知道你会尝到什么味道。

—-妈妈说,你必须明白,你和你身边的人一样,你和他们并没有什么 不同,没有。

—-妈妈说,我只是告诉自己,当我做一件事的时候,我就要尽力去做好它,比如我这辈子做了你的妈妈,这是我无法选 择的事,上帝把你给了我,我的孩子,我就必须尽力做好你的母亲,我做到了。

阿甘是个非常听话的孩子,这些话他都记住了,他说, 笨人有笨人的作为。当珍妮叫他快跑的时候,他跌跌撞撞地跑了起来,跑散了他记忆中第一双神奇的鞋子,也发掘出了他的第一项潜质:跑。 他一直在跑,开始是逃跑,后来他跑进了橄榄球队,再后来跑进了大学,跑得了学位。在越战战场上,他仍是牢记珍妮的话,跑回了自己的性 命,也跑回荣誉和友情。

你不得不承认,其实很多事情的成功是有其偶然因素的,它并不会因你的处心积虑而更接近终点,却会在你不 经意的时候,给你的努力以一个最恰当的褒赏。他忠诚,所以在越战中他独自脱离了危险的时候,他仍然跑回丛林中去找他的战友。他守信, 他答应了战友要共买一艘捕虾船,但战友死了,他却在旁人不可思议的眼神中为他实现了遗愿,也为自己赢得了巨大的财富。他执着,所以他 会在珍妮离开后一跑三年,穿越了整个美国,一直不停,他告诉你,他只是想跑,他用跑步丈量人生,这不需要以和平自由或任何冠冕堂皇的 东西为理由。他友善,在他救回中尉的性命后,失去了双腿的中尉一直对自己不能战死在战场上却仍以残废之躯苟且偷生而羞愧,而恼怒,因为 中尉是这样一种人:他视荣誉高于一切,他不能忍受平凡,是阿甘用友善唤回他对生命的信心,使他发现,即使没有双腿,人生依然可以充满生机。

阿甘并没有远大的理想,他失去的也有很多,他很少有朋友,他总是被聪明人嘲笑,他最爱的母亲和珍妮先后离开了他……但对 他并因为如此而沉没,爱还在延续,他还有自己的孩子,一个聪明的小阿甘,他的人生还在继续,他不聪明,但他永远知道如何让生命充满希望 。所以他也就赢得了荣誉,财富和爱,这些常人可能永远不能兼得的东西。

这部电影为什么如此深受喜爱?虽然阿甘的智商只有75,但在 他身上,我们看到了忠诚,守信,执着,友善这些人性中最为熠熠生辉,优秀可贵的品质,看到了对生命的执着,对生活的希望,对信念的坚定.平 凡的生命,不平凡的人生.

当我们年华老去,回首来路,如果你可以对昨天的一切无悔,那么你已经拥有了非常成功的一生。

其他的经典影评

想看其他的经典评价可以参考http://movie.mtime.com/10054/comment.html

经典台词

1. Mama says,”Stupid is as stupid does.

” 妈妈说,“做傻事的才是傻瓜”。

2. If God intended everybody to be the same, he’d have given us all braces on our legs.

如果上帝要让人人都一样的话,他会给每人一双脚撑。

3. Life was like a box of chocolates. You never know what you’re going to get.

人生就像一盒各式各样的巧克力,你永远不知道下一块将会是哪种。

4. Jesus loves you more than you will know。

“耶稣对你也特别垂青”

5. You said it all.

你说得很好。

6. A promise is a promise.

要信守诺言。

7. I paid my respect to Bubba himself.

我也去看望了巴布本人。

8. You got to put the past behind you before you can move on.

你只有忘记以往的事情,才能够继续前进。

9.When I got tired,I slept.When I got hungry,I ate.When I had to go,you know, I went.

当我累了,我就睡觉。当我饿了,我就吃饭。当我想去,你知道的,我就去。

转载请注明:程春杰博客 » 阿甘正传—每周一影(2)

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